Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) refers to a gradual loss of kidney function over time. The kidneys are essential organs of our body that filter out toxins, excess salts, and urea, a nitrogen-based waste created by cell metabolism.

As CKD progresses, the kidneys become less able to fulfill this crucial function, which can lead to a buildup of harmful substances in the body. For managing CKD, it is very crucial to understand the nature of CKD. It also helps in exploring treatment options and kidney failure treatment without dialysis.

In this article, we’ll understand several important things about Chronic Kidney Disease, Its types, Causes, Lifestyle Changes, and Treatment of CKD without Dialysis.

Chronic Kidney Disease Causes

There are several reasons why Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) can occur. It arises from various conditions that impair kidney function over time. Understanding these causes is crucial for preventing CKD and exploring treatments like kidney failure treatment without dialysis. Check out the main causes of CKD below:


Diabetes looks normal but it is one of the main causes of CKD. Diabetes, particularly type 1 and type 2, is the leading cause of CKD. High blood sugar levels associated with diabetes damage the blood vessels in the kidneys. This damage prevents the kidneys from cleaning the blood properly. Management of diabetes is important to delay the progression of kidney disease, offering an opportunity for kidney treatment without dialysis.

High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure can also cause kidney damage. The kidneys have many tiny blood vessels that filter waste from the blood. High blood pressure can harm these vessels, making the filtering process less efficient, eventually leading to CKD. Controlling blood pressure is a vital part of kidney failure treatment without dialysis.

Chronic Glomerulonephritis

Chronic glomerulonephritis is an inflammation and eventual scarring of the tiny filters within your kidneys (glomeruli). These filters are responsible for cleaning the blood. Chronic inflammation can damage these structures, leading to kidney failure.

Prolonged Obstruction of the Urinary Tract

Blockages that change the flow of urine in the kidneys, such as kidney stones, tumors, or an enlarged prostate, can lead to kidney disease. These blockages can cause infections or damage, reducing kidney function over time.

Vesicoureteral Reflux

This condition causes urine to back up into the kidneys, which can lead to infections and kidney damage. Typically congenital, the condition involves faulty valves in the urinary tract that allow urine to flow back into the kidneys.

Recurrent Kidney Infection

Repeated kidney infections (pyelonephritis) can cause permanent damage to the kidneys. These infections can scar the kidneys, leading to renal failure and the necessity for kidney treatment without dialysis.

Addressing these causes early on is crucial for managing CKD and can open the way for kidney failure treatment without dialysis, which is a cornerstone of treatment at facilities like the best Ayurvedic hospital for kidney treatment.

Symptoms of Chronic Kidney Disease

As Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) progresses, it can lead to a range of symptoms that may gradually affect an individual’s quality of life. Here’s a closer look at each symptom associated with CKD:

Nausea and Vomiting

These symptoms occur as the buildup of waste products in the blood (uremia) affects the gastrointestinal tract. It can result in a general feeling of sickness and a reduced desire to eat, significantly impacting nutrition and overall health.

Loss of Appetite

Loss of appetite is a common symptom in CKD patients and is often associated with uremia. As toxins build up in the blood, they can make food taste different and decrease the desire to eat, leading to unintentional weight loss and malnutrition.

Fatigue and Weakness

Fatigue in CKD can be attributed to multiple factors, including anemia (a shortage of red blood cells to carry oxygen), the buildup of toxins, and poor nutrition.

Sleep Problems

People with CKD may experience sleep disturbances, including trouble falling asleep, staying asleep, or restless leg syndrome. These issues are often due to discomfort, itching, muscle cramps, or the need to urinate frequently.

Changes in Urine Output

Changes can include increased or decreased urine output, foamy or bubbly urine (due to proteinuria), or urine that is darker or lighter than usual.

Decreased Mental Sharpness

Toxin buildup can affect cognitive functions, leading to difficulties with concentration, memory, and other cognitive abilities. This symptom can make it challenging to perform tasks that require mental clarity.

Muscle Twitches and Cramps

Electrolyte imbalances such as low calcium and phosphorus can cause muscle twitches and cramps. Additionally, the fluid and electrolyte disturbances common in CKD can contribute to muscle irritation and spasms.

Swelling of Feet and Ankles

This symptom, known as edema, results from the kidneys’ inability to manage fluid balance, leading to excess fluid retention in the body, particularly in the lower extremities.

Persistent Itching

Itching in CKD patients is primarily caused by high phosphorus levels in the blood, which can irritate the skin. It is also related to dry skin and other skin changes due to toxin buildup.

Lifestyle Changes For Chronic Kidney Disease

Managing CKD involves several lifestyle adjustments to help mitigate symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. These changes include:

  • Dietary Adjustments:

Reducing salt, processed foods, and protein intake to decrease kidney strain.

  • Exercise:

Regular physical activity to improve overall health.

  • Smoking Cessation:

Smoking can worsen kidney damage.

  • Limiting Alcohol:

Alcohol can affect the kidneys and exacerbate CKD symptoms.

  • Regular Check-ups:

Monitoring health to manage symptoms promptly.

Types of Chronic Kidney Disease

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is generally classified based on the underlying cause or the pathology affecting the kidneys. Understanding these types helps in addressing the specific treatment needs, including strategies for kidney failure treatment without dialysis. Here are the main types of CKD:

Diabetic Nephropathy

This type of CKD results from damage caused by diabetes. High blood sugar levels in diabetes damage the nephrons, the functional filtering units of the kidneys. This is the most common type of CKD and is a major focus in managing kidney treatment without dialysis.

Hypertensive Nephropathy

High blood pressure, or hypertension, can also lead to CKD by damaging the blood vessels in the kidneys, making them thick and narrow. Over time, this diminishes the kidneys’ ability to function properly. Managing blood pressure is a crucial part of kidney failure treatment without dialysis.


This type refers to a group of diseases that cause inflammation and damage to the kidney’s filtering units (glomeruli). Glomerulonephritis can be acute or chronic, and it is the third most common type of kidney disease.

Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)

PKD is a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of numerous cysts in the kidneys. These cysts are filled with fluid and can enlarge the kidneys while replacing much of their normal structure, leading to a reduction in kidney function and eventually kidney failure.

Chronic Interstitial Nephritis

This type of CKD involves inflammation of the kidney’s tubules and surrounding structures. It can be caused by long-term use of medications, like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or it can result from other conditions, such as autoimmune diseases or infections.

Obstructive Nephropathy

Obstruction of the urinary tract, for any reason, can lead to CKD by creating back pressure in the kidneys, which damages kidney tissue. Common causes include kidney stones, tumors, and enlarged prostate in men. Addressing the underlying obstruction is critical for treatment.

Each type of CKD requires specific interventions tailored to the underlying cause and extent of kidney damage. For those seeking alternatives, like kidney treatment without dialysis, focusing on early detection and managing the causative conditions effectively can help in preserving kidney function and maintain quality of life.

Chronic Kidney Disease Treatment

Treatment for CKD focuses on slowing the progression of the kidney damage, usually by controlling the underlying cause with Natural Therapies and medications. This can include medications to treat high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol, as well as medications to treat anemia and relieve swelling.

Alternative For Dialysis For CKD Treatment

Exploring kidney failure treatment without dialysis involves considering alternatives that can help manage the condition without the need for mechanical filtration. Some of these include:

Controlled Blood Pressure:

Maintaining optimal blood pressure can significantly slow the progression of CKD.
Proper Fluid Intake: Balancing fluid intake to avoid overload without causing dehydration.

Diet Management:

Adjusting dietary intake to reduce kidney workload.

Why To Consider CKD Alternative Treatment

Alternative treatments for CKD, including kidney treatment without dialysis, are vital due to the potential side effects associated with dialysis, such as low blood pressure, infection, hernia, and weight gain. Patients often seek treatments that can mitigate these risks and improve quality of life.

While it’s a life-saving procedure, dialysis can also lead to various side effects. Below, we’ll discuss some common side effects of kidney dialysis, explaining each in detail.

Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension)

Low blood pressure is the most common side effect of dialysis, often caused by the drop in fluid levels during the procedure. Symptoms can include dizziness, fatigue, and nausea. This happens because the dialysis machine removes blood from the body, filters it, and then returns it, which can lead to fluctuations in blood pressure.

Muscle Cramps

During dialysis, patients might experience muscle cramps, particularly in their lower legs. This is typically due to the rapid removal of fluids from the body, which affects muscle hydration and electrolyte levels, particularly sodium and potassium.

Itching (Pruritus)

Many patients undergoing dialysis report feelings of itchy skin. This can be due to high phosphorus levels in the blood or the build-up of other toxins that kidneys would typically help remove. Itching might be exacerbated by dry skin, a common issue in dialysis patients.

Sleep Problems

Sleep issues, including insomnia, restless leg syndrome, and sleep apnea, are more prevalent in patients undergoing dialysis. These problems can be due to discomfort from dialysis, imbalances in electrolytes, or psychological stress associated with chronic illness.


Anemia, a condition characterized by a lack of red blood cells, is a frequent side effect of kidney failure and dialysis. The kidneys help produce erythropoietin, a hormone that stimulates red blood cell production, and their failure leads to decreased production of this hormone. Dialysis can exacerbate this condition by leading to blood loss and reduced red blood cell lifespan.

Infection Risk

Dialysis requires access to the bloodstream, typically through a permanent port or a catheter, which increases the risk of infections. These can include local infections at the access site or more severe conditions like sepsis if bacteria enter the bloodstream.

Fluid Overload

Fluid restrictions are common for dialysis patients; however, if these guidelines are not strictly followed, patients can experience fluid overload. This can manifest as swelling in the legs, arms, and around the heart and lungs, and can exacerbate high blood pressure and heart issues.

High Potassium Levels (Hyperkalemia)

Dialysis patients often struggle with potassium regulation due to dietary intake and the reduced ability of diseased kidneys to remove potassium from the body. High potassium levels can be dangerous, potentially leading to cardiac problems if not managed properly.

Depression and Anxiety

The mental health impact of chronic kidney disease and regular dialysis treatment should not be underestimated. Many patients experience depression and anxiety due to the chronic nature of their illness, lifestyle restrictions, and the stress of regular treatment sessions.
Understanding these side effects is crucial for patients and caregivers to manage them effectively and improve their quality of life despite the challenges of dialysis.

Best Ayurvedic Hospital For Chronic Kidney Diseases Management

If you or your loved one is suffering from Chronic Kidney Disease, then choosing the best Ayurvedic hospital for kidney disease management can help you. You can visit Shuddhi HiiMS Hospital for Kidney failure reversal or any other kidney disease.

At Shuddhi HiiMS Hospital , we focus on reversing kidney failure through holistic approaches, including hot water tub therapy, specialized diets, and Panchakarma therapy. Our approach aims to restore kidney function naturally, making it the best Ayurvedic hospital for kidney disease.

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Understanding and managing Chronic Kidney Disease involves comprehensive care and considering all available treatment options, including kidney failure treatment without dialysis. By adopting lifestyle changes and exploring alternative treatments, individuals can significantly enhance their quality of life even with CKD.

If you are suffering from Chronic Kidney Disease and looking for a second opinion, then consult our doctor here:

FAQs About Chronic Kidney Disease

What is kidney failure treatment without dialysis?
This treatment involves managing kidney disease with a combination of diet, medication, and alternative therapies to avoid the need for dialysis.

Can diet alone manage CKD effectively?
While diet is crucial, managing CKD typically requires a multifaceted approach including medication, lifestyle changes, and sometimes alternative treatments.

What are the benefits of kidney treatment without dialysis?
Benefits include fewer dietary restrictions, no dialysis-related side effects, and maintaining a more normal lifestyle.

Is Ayurvedic treatment effective for kidney disease?
Many patients report improvements with Ayurvedic treatments, which focus on holistic wellness and can be particularly effective in the early stages.

What kidney therapies does Shuddhi HiiMS Hospital offer?
The hospital offers kidney therapies like Lower Leg Emmersion Therapy, DIP Diet, Hot Water Emmersion Therapy, Head Down Tilt, Mud Therapy, and Acupressure.

Which therapies are beneficial in reversing kidney failure (CKD)?
Therapies such as hot water tub therapy, lower leg emersion, mud therapy, specialized kidney diets, and Panchakarma therapy are beneficial in reversing kidney failure (CKD), focusing on holistic recovery

How can I prevent CKD from progressing?
Prevention involves controlling underlying conditions such as diabetes and hypertension, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and regular monitoring.

If you have any queries related to Admission in HiiMS or Treatment in HiiMS or you want to get a consultation with HiiMS Expert regarding kidney issues feel free to contact us at 82704-82704 or you can also message us on our Whatsapp.

Content Written & Reviewed By
Dr. Monika

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